Russell Organics begins every product formulation with a careful study of which ingredients to avoid. Every product is crafted to be no parabens, no sodium laurel sulfate, no perfum/fragrance, no phenoxyethanol, no colorants, no urea, no formaldahyde, no propolyne glycol, and no animal products. Russell Organics crafts every product to Cruelty Free and Vegan standards. That means that we do not even use Beeswax in our formulas. No equipment used in our manufacturing has ever come in contact with an animal product. None of our products have ever been tested on animals. We are certified by PETA as Cruelty Free and Vegan. Russell Organics uses only the finest botanical extracts, natural waxes, and essential oils in the market.